The 11 Ships of the First Fleet
The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships that departed from Portsmouth, England on 13 May 1787 to found the penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia.
The Fleet consisted of two Royal Navy vessels, three store ships and six convict transports, carrying between 1,000 and 1,500 convicts, marines, seamen, civil officers and free people and a vast quantity of stores.
From England, the Fleet sailed southwest to Rio de Janeiro, then east to Cape Town and via the Great Southern Ocean to Botany Bay, arriving over the period of 18 to 20 January 1788, taking 250 to 252 days from departure to final arrival.
For more information on the 11 Ships of the First Fleet, see https://firstfleetfellowship.org.au/ships/eleven-ships/
John Hudson, with no parents to care for him was a child chimney sweep. After he was caught breaking and entering a house and arrested at his trial in 1783, he was the youngest first fleet convict to be sentenced at 9 years old, arriving in Australia in 1791.
A Behind The News (ABC) Video on The First Fleet