John Martin

The First Fleet entering Port Jackson January 26, 1788  (E LeBihan 1888)

Our Caribbean Negro convict John Martin, was born circa 1755 and died with is family around him as his time came to an end in 1837.  Nothing is known about him prior to his conviction, nor is it likely we will ever find more. By following history, the African Negro, 'Caribbean' at that time, with his parents or grandparents, would have been slaves sent to the American colonies.  In those days and later many Negroes joined ships as sailors or as stowaways, during the American War. This Continue Reading »

John Randall


John Randall, a 6 foot high, well-made black American Negro labourer, came to Australia aboard the transport ship Alexander with the First Fleet on 26 January 1788. John was sentenced to seven years transportation on 14 April 1785 at Manchester Quarter Sessions for stealing a steel watch chain, the property of Joseph Wardle.  Sent to the Ceres Hulk early in 1786, aged 21, he was delivered to the transport Alexander on 6 January 1787, mustered on board by Major Robert Ross in March as Reynolds, Continue Reading »

Elizabeth Bruce : John Anderson

Lijssenthoek Mility Cemetery Belgium

John Anderson, a former seaman, was committed to gaol at Exeter Devon, on 24 July 1785 for breaking into a house and stealing a linen handkerchief, other goods and money.  Sentenced to seven years transportation, he spent time in the Dunkirk hulk before embarkation aboard the Charlotte.  At Sydney Cove he married Elizabeth Bruce on 16 March 1788, signing with a mark.  On 4 October, both were sent to Norfolk Island on the Golden Grove.  On the Island he was employed to help John Altree and Thomas Continue Reading »

Henry Edward Dodd

Wheat field

Our First Farmer Henry Edward Dodd was an experienced farm hand, who arrived with Governor Phillip, a servant of his since his days as a farmer in the New Forest.  Dodd was found to be the only free man who could be employed cultivating the lands on the public account. In February 1788 he supervised clearing and hoeing operations at the head of Farm Cove and soon had a few acres under corn.  Early in November 1788 Phillip established a military outpost at Rose Hill.  He entrusted the Continue Reading »

Mary Allen

St Saviours Anglican Cemetery, Golburn-NSW.  The grave of Mary Allen Martin ( R Stonehouse)

Mary Allen, sentenced on 25 October 1786 at the Old Bailey to transportation for seven years, was recorded as being one of the lowliest women to be transported.  Mary, thought to be a previous offender, was found guilty of theft of a watch and money, was sent to Newgate prison and was embarked on Lady Penrhyn on 6 January 1787, her age recorded as 22. Mary’s first protector in this harsh new land of Sydney Cove, was Frederick Meredith, a seaman steward from Scarborough.  They had a daughter Continue Reading »

Richard Morgan

Rosny Farm, one of the oldest houses on Kangaroo Point  built by Richard Morgan in 1807 (The Barn is still standing) (SLofT)

Richard Morgan arrived in Van Diemen’s Land with his family on 7 October 1806.  He was a First Fleeter and Norfolk Islander. Richard Morgan was born in England.  He was convicted in 1785 at Gloucester on the oaths of ‘John Trevillian Ceely Trevillian Esq and others’.  The offence was, stealing in the dwelling house of the said Richard Morgan (sic) one metal watch value three pounds and also charged with assaulting the said John Ceely Trevillian and threatening to murder him and by force Continue Reading »

John Nicols

The 1914-15 Star, The British War Medal, The Victory Medal - replica set (C Timbury)

was indicated as John Nicholls at the Old Bailey on Wednesday 21 April 1784 for feloniously stealing a large quantity of goods from a hair merchant and perfumer in London, where he worked as a servant and porter’s assistant.  Sentenced to seven years transportation he spent time on the Censor Hulk before embarkation on the Scarborough.  Following his arrival in Port Jackson, John who was recorded as a Gardner, became a very successful landholder of various properties by grant and purchase up Continue Reading »

Thomas Eddington

William Henry Eddington

was sentenced to transportation for 7 years on 5 or 6 July 1785 at the Berkshire, Summer Assizes.  Tried as Thomas Heddington (sic) late of the parish of Bray in the county of Berkshire Labourer on the 23rd day of March, with force and arms in the parish aforesaid, 2 silver Tablespoons of the value of 12s.  One Wooden Dish of the value of one penny four copper farthings of the value of one penny 20 copper halfpence of the value of 10d and six pounds in monies numbered of the goods and monies of Continue Reading »

James Morrisby

warplanes awm ART03029 Will Longstaff, War planes of the Australian Flying Corps 1918-1919

was sentenced to seven years transportation at the Old Bailey on 7 July 1784 for theft of a ten pound iron bar, value 10d, and for wrenching it from the house.  He was a blacksmith and said to have served for ten years in the guards.  On 6 September 1784 he was received on the Censor hulk and three years later sent by wagon for embarkation on the Scarborough.  Following the Fleets arrival James was sent by Sirius to Norfolk Island and took up farming.  In June 1794 he was living with Ann Brooks Continue Reading »

Thomas Lucas

1918 Christmas Card (courtesy R Rolton)

was a private marine 23rd (Portsmouth) Company arriving at Port Jackson aboard Scarborough and there served in the company of Captain John Shea.  Thomas also worked in the colony as a glazier, being his former profession.  On 29 December 1791 a son by Ann Howard (Lady Juliana) was born and in December 1792 he enlisted in the NSW Corps and left for Norfolk Island.  In April 1797 he was discharged from the corps and received a grant of 60 acres.  On the Island he worked as a glazier and painter.  Continue Reading »